What is AngularJS Directives (Part – I)

AngularJS Directives are used to change or control the behavior of HTML elements. We can modify inner text, inner html. This is also used to limit the functionalities of HTML elements.

These are nothing but extended attributes of HTML, prefixed with ng-.  We can define our own custom directives as well. Few most useful directives are listed below:

ng-app : This directive is used to initialize AngularJS application.

ng-init : This directive is used to initialize application data.

ng-model : This directive is used to bind the value of HTML control to application data.

Let’s understand various AngularJS directives with examples:

  1. ng-app

This directive indicates root HTML element to AngularJS. It automatically initializes the application when the page is loaded. Everything regarding to AngularJS in is the scope of this directive. If there are more than one ng-app directive, then first one is considered and its inner content is represented as AngularJS Code.

We provide a module name to AngularJS application, which is further used in the JavaScript for handling the application e.g. here module name is ‘angularJSApp’.

Note: Module Name is Optional

2. ng-bind

ng-bind directive changes the content of associated HTML element by the value of expression. If the value of expression changes, content of HTML element is also changed without page refresh.

This can be used in two ways shown above.



class = “ng-bind: smText”


3. ng-bind-html

ng-bind is used to provide text as inner content whereas if we have requirement and want to provide or modify insecure scripted inner HTML content then ng-bind-html is the best way to use. Using this directive, we can update or add inner HTML of associated HTML element. Lets see the example below:

Three points are very important in the above example which are marked using arrows.

  • There must be reference to angular-sanitize.js
  • AngularJS directive ng-bind-html will be used to inject inner HTML
  • A parameter ‘ngSanitize’ must be provided to module API for making this functional.


4. ng-bind-template

This directive is used in case we want to bind more than one expressions to a HTML element. We provide template expression and evaluated value is displayed on web page as element’s inner text.


To be Continued…

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Satyendra Mishra

About Satyendra Mishra

An Engineer by education, Satyendra is a PMP certified Project Manager, Author, Blogger and Learner with 13+ years of experience on Project Management, Microsoft Technologies including ASP.NET, ASP.NET MVC, C#, SharePoint (On premises & Office 365), JavaScript Framework (Angular), Xamarin for Android and related technologies. He is a person with belief, sky is limit for a hard working and dedicated individual. That’s why he devoted himself to field of Software Development and now both are growing with each other. Every year for him turned out to be best year and he received enormous support and love from his companies and his clients from around the world. Now with vast knowledge of software development and its outsourcing process, he decided to move himself into knowledge sharing. Keep a fact in your mind about the comfort level of your clients and this will make you king/queen of your area.
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